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Harbor Edge Native Config

Harbor is an open-source registry that secures artifacts with policies and role-based access control. You can install Harbor on your Edge clusters and use it to store all the images used by the cluster, including your provider images and all packs used by your cluster. After the initial download, the cluster can pull images from Harbor instead of an external registry, allowing your cluster to reboot containers or add new nodes without a connection to the external network.

tech preview
This is a Tech Preview feature and is subject to change. Do not use this feature in production workloads.

Versions Supported

info

The Harbor Edge-Native Config pack is a system application pack. When you provision a cluster with a profile that includes this pack, Palette automatically chooses the latest version of Harbor supported by Palette to install on the cluster. You cannot manually choose a version of this pack.

Prerequisites

  • All Edge devices in your cluster must have at least 4 CPUs and 8 GB of RAM.

  • At least 160 GB of persistent storage volume for the cluster. The actual volume required depends on the size of the images used by your cluster.

  • A Container Storage Interface (CSI) pack is required in your cluster profile.

Parameters

tip

You can use a macro to avoid providing credentials in plain text. For more information about macros, refer to Macros guide.

ParameterDescription
harbor-config.auth.passwordSpecifies the password used with the default user name admin to authenticate with the Harbor image registry. You cannot change the username. If you don't provide password, a random password is generated and saved to a secret in the cluster named registry-info in the cluster_CLUSTER_UID namespace, where CLUSTER_UID is the unique ID for your cluster. You find this namespace by listing all namespaces in your cluster. This password is automatically configured to be used internally inside the cluster for image pulls, and you would only need it for accessing the Harbor registry from outside the cluster.
harbor-config.auth.certsSpecifies the certificate and private key used for authentication with Harbor. The common name or subject alternative name must include the host name spectro.registry.local and the Edge cluster's virtual IP address. If you don't provide a certificate or private key, Palette generates a certificate and a private key to use internally within the cluster. You can find the certificate in a secret named harbor-tls in the harbor namespace.
harbor-config.service.serviceTypeSpecifies the service type for the Harbor service. The default service type is NodePort.
harbor-config.service.harborSpecifies the ports that harbor is exposed on.
harbor-config.storageSpecifies the size of the Harbor's persistent volume claim in GB. You can configure persistent volume claims for registry, jobService, database, redis, and trivy.
harbor-config.service.metrics.enabledSpecify whether to enable metrics on Harbor. For more information about the kinds of metrics that are exposed, refer to Harbor metrics documentation.

Usage

Enable Harbor to Protect Against Outage

You can use Harbor in an Edge cluster that is connected to external networks. Harbor stores all container images downloaded from the internet and future image pulls from the cluster will be from the local harbor registry. If your cluster experiences an internet outage, it can still reboot containers or add new nodes using images stored locally in Harbor. For more information, refer to Deploy a Cluster with a Local Harbor Registry.

Log in to Harbor Web UI

With Harbor enabled on your Edge cluster, you can log in to Harbor via its web UI. By default, the Harbor service is accessible as a NodePort-type service with HTTPS enabled on port 30003. You can use the following steps to log in to Harbor via the web UI.

  1. Log in to Palette.

  2. From the left Main Menu, navigate to Clusters. Choose your Edge cluster.

  3. Navigate to the Nodes tab, in the Private Ips column, you can find the IP addresses of your Edge hosts.

  4. Ensure you have network access to your Edge hosts. Open a new tab in your browser and navigate to https://NODE_IP:30003 and replace NODE_IP with any IP address in your cluster. NodePort-type services are exposed on the same port on all nodes in your cluster. If you changed the HTTPS port in the configurations, replace the port with the HTTPS port you used.

  5. If you didn't provide a certificate or used a self-signed certificate, your browser might warn you about an unsafe connection. Dismiss the warning, and you will be directed to Harbor's web UI. If you use Google Chrome, you can click anywhere in your browser tab and type this is unsafe using your keyboard to dismiss the warning.

  6. Type in admin as the username and your password to log in to Harbor. If you don't know your password, refer to Retrieve Harbor Credentials to retrieve your password.

Retrieve Harbor Credentials

During cluster creation, Palette creates two secrets that store the password used to authenticate the admin user in Harbor and the X509 certificate used for TLS. You can access both of these credentials using the following steps:

  1. Configure kubectl to access your Kubernetes cluster. For more information, refer to Access a Cluster with CLI.

  2. Depending on the credential you want to retrieve, use the commands described below.

  1. Issue the command kubectl get namespaces to get all namespaces. Look for a namespace called cluster-CLUSTER-ID, where CLUSTER-ID is a string of alphanumeric characters. This is the namespace where the secret for your Harbor password is stored.

  2. Issue the following command to get the password of your Harbor user. Replace CLUSTER-ID-NAMESPACE with the namespace you identified in the previous step. This command outputs your password.

kubectl get secret registry-info --namespace CLUSTER-ID-NAMESPACE --output jsonpath="{.data.SPECTRO_USER_PASSWORD}" | base64 --decode

Push and Pull Images to Harbor

You can use the following steps to push images to and pull images from the Harbor registry.

info

If you didn't provide a certificate or are using a self-signed certificate, Docker will refuse to connect to the registry unless you configure Docker to trust the certificate authority or use a insecure connection for your Harbor registry. You can configure Docker to use a insecure connection by adding a line "insecure-registries": ["REGISTRY_URL"] in your Docker daemon.json file. For more information about daemon.json, refer to Docker documentation.

  1. Log in to Palette.

  2. From the left Main Menu, navigate to Clusters. Choose your Edge cluster.

  3. Navigate to the Nodes tab, in the Private Ips column, you can find the IP addresses of your Edge hosts.

  4. Ensure you have network access to your Edge hosts. Log in to Harbor from your command-line interface. The following example uses Docker, but you can use any other image management tool. Replace NODE_IP with the IP address of any of the nodes and replace HARBOR_PASSWORD with the password of your Harbor user. If you don't know your password, refer to Retrieve Harbor Credentials.

    docker login NODE_IP:30003 --user admin --password HARBOR_PASSWORD
  5. After a successful login, you can start to pull and push images.

To pull an image from the Harbor registry, issue the following command.

docker pull REGISTRY_URL/PROJECT_NAME/IMAGE_NAME:TAG

For example, the following command pulls the image for kube-vip from the Harbor registry.

docker pull 10.10.137.220:30003/spectro-images/gcr.io/spectro-images-public/kube-vip/kube-vip:v0.6.3

Known Issues

The following known issues exist in the Harbor 1.0.0 release.

  • The Harbor database pod might fail to start due to file permission issues. This is a known issue in the Harbor GitHub repository. Refer to the Troubleshooting section for a workaround.

  • A cluster may get stuck in the provisioning state if it uses Longhorn as its storage layer. If this happens, remove the cluster and try again.

Troubleshooting

Scenario - Harbor DB Pod Fails to Start

When you start a cluster with the Harbor pack, the harbor-database pod might fail to start and get stuck on the CrashLoopBackoff state. It's possible that this is due to known issue with the Harbor pack related to file permissions. The workaround is to delete the pod and a new pod will be automatically created.

Debug Steps

  1. Issue the following command to identify the pods with names that start with harbor-database.
kubectl get pods --namespace harbor --output wide
  1. Delete the pod you identified in the previous step. Replace POD_NAME with the name of the pods. If there are multiple pods, use the command for each pod.
kubectl delete pod POD_NAME --namespace harbor

Terraform

You can reference the Harbor Edge-Native Config pack in Terraform with a data resource.

data "spectrocloud_registry" "public_registry" {
name = "Public Repo"
}

data "spectrocloud_pack_simple" "harbor-edge-native-config" {
name = "harbor-edge-native-config"
version = "1.0.0"
type = "helm"
registry_uid = data.spectrocloud_registry.public_registry.id
}

Resources